Background

The Economics of Culture Research Unit was established in the Department of Applied Economics at the Universitat de València in 1999. Recognised as a research group by the Universitat de València with the reference GIUV2016-297. Since then, it has developed a continuous research work in the field of Economics of Culture, becoming one of the centres of reference at national and international level. Since the middle of the first decade of the 21st century, its internationalisation process has been remarkable, collaborating with projects both in Latin America and Europe.

In the period between 2011 and 2014, the unit was attached to the Inter-University Institute for Local Development, but since 1 January 2015 it has once again been part of the Department of Applied Economics. Econcult is a heterogeneous network of researchers from different universities and external collaborators, coordinated by Professor Pau Rausell. Since 2007, Professor Raül Abeledo has been responsible for the development of European projects and in 2014 Ramón Marrades joined as a contract researcher, until 2017 when he was hired as strategic director of the Marina de València. But in different projects and processes have participated as researchers and collaborators such as Salvador Carrasco, Vicente Coll, Luís Vila, Josep Sorribles, Rafael Boix, Julio Montagut, Francisco Marco-Serrano, Carolina Asuaga, Leandro Valiati, Reyes Marzal, collaborators such as Julia Sorribes, Adolf Boluda, Antonio Ramos Murphy, Antonio Martinez, Francesc Cabañes or doctoral students such as Chwan Li, Sigrid Yanara, Amparo Civera, Vicent Arastey, Oscar Blanco. The research unit also frequently receives researchers from various European, Asian and Latin American universities.

(Fot: Eva Máñez) Arte, Creatividad y Innovación en el Sector Textil. CREATIVEWEAR
Design & Public Policy Forum. Marzo 2019. Joan Ribó
(fotografía Eva Máñez) Transmaking sping academy

Vision and Mission

The Economics of Culture Research Unit was established in the Department of Applied Economics at the University of Valencia in 1999. Recognised as a research group by the Universitat de València with the reference GIUV2016-297. Since then, it has developed a continuous research work in the field of Economics of Culture, becoming one of the reference centres at national and international level. Since the middle of the first decade of the 21st century, its internationalisation process has been remarkable, collaborating with projects both in Latin America and Europe.

Econcult is a research unit which, since the mid-1990s, has specialised in the analysis of cultural activities and collective actions to promote the cultural and creative sectors. We are interested in all those social and territorial dynamics that interact in some way with the symbolic dimension, creativity or innovation. Our research projects focus on topics such as cultural policies, the relationship between culture and development, creative territories, music, publishing, theatre, heritage, museums, the economy of languages and cultural tourism.

Research over the last 20 years has led us to affirm that all cultural and creative activities, whether market or non-market, have a transformative capacity on people and territory and can favour development, satisfying both the cultural rights of citizens and improving the structural conditions of economic growth, shifting its frontier of possibilities.

Projects

Competitive projects

The Economics of Culture Research Unit was established in the Department of Applied Economics at the Universitat de València in 1999. Recognised as a research group by the Universitat de València with the reference GIUV2016-297. Since then, it has developed a continuous research work in the field of Economics of Culture, becoming one of the centres of reference at national and international level. Since the middle of the first decade of the 21st century, its internationalisation process has been remarkable, collaborating with projects both in Latin America and Europe.

As a research unit, in the last 10 years it has participated in numerous international projects related to the effects of cultural and creative activities on social innovation processes (SOSTENUTO), the role of spaces in creativity (3C4Incubators), the existence of regional development models based on the cultural and creative sectors (CREATIVEMED) or the identification of excellent practices in cultural policies in the urban and regional sphere (CULTURE FOR CITIES AND REGIONS). It participates or has participated in mobility and exchange projects such as EUROASIAN CREASPACE NETWORKING, or in the RISE TRANSMAKING call project, which aims to establish a multilateral network of research and innovation staff active in the fields of place-based artistic activities as a space to create alternative narratives for social, economic and democratic renewal. Also of note are the MED projects; OPEN DOORS and CREATIVEWEAR, both completed in recent months.

More recently Econcult has secured funding for the MED CHEBEC. programme projects on internationalisation of the cultural and creative sectors, and for the H2020 DESIGNSCAPES project on the role of design as an enabler of urban innovation. The most recent project is the H2020 MESOC project, led by Econcult, which seeks to find new ways to measure the social impact of culture.

Although less successful, we have also participated in national and regional R&D calls for proposals, developing projects such as INNOVA. Innovation, creativity and culture or SE_CCANVI.

Resources and partnerships

The team currently has 5 project staff and a large number of external collaborators and other research institutions. It also maintains close international relations with organisations such as RELAIS CULTURE EUROPE (Paris), the Roberto Cimetta Foundation, the URBEGO group, the CREATIVE ECONOMY CULTURE AND PUBLIC POLICIES working group (Brazil) and the CULTURAL INDUSTRIES INSTITUTE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF YUNNAN (China) and interacts with agents of innovation, culture and creativity at national, regional and local level. Also in Spain it has stable relationships with groups such as CRIT of the University of Barcelona, Futurlab of the University of Alicante or Métodos Cuantitativos de Medición de la Cultura of the University of Valencia.

We have also established a very stable relationship with the consultancy company CULTURALINK, which has opened a branch in the Science Park of the University of Valencia and with which we have developed numerous collaborations.

Culturalink desde Doble Ocho on Vimeo.

In the last 10 years we have obtained funding for both projects and Art. 83 agreements for a value of approximately 2 million Euros, of which more than half of these resources came from competitive calls in the European framework.

Within the framework of the agreements, we have dealt with different types of issues, which can be grouped as follows:

MACROECONOMIC DIMENSION of cultural and creative activities. The metrics of cultural and creative activities (The Economic Value of Culture in the Region of Murcia). The causality between cultural and creative sectors and development (EKONOMIAZ). The effects of the cultural and creative sectors and per capita income, productivity, efficiency, global competitiveness (SOSTENUTO Project. Culture as a factor of economic and social innovation. Territorial specificities: innovation models based on culture and creativity? (CreativeMed. Toolkit project)

SECTORAL AND MESO-ECONOMIC DIMENSION. Sectoral analysis. The specificities of the cultural and creative market sectors. Culture and territory. Creative Territories

MICROECONOMIC DIMENSION. Behaviour of consumers/participants/creators. Structure and production function of cultural and creative organisations/projects/enterprises. Spaces for innovation, creativity and culture.

FOR A NEW POLITICAL ECONOMY FOR CULTURE, CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION. Centrality and transversality of new cultural policies. Culture and sustainability Good practices of regional and urban policies in the promotion of culture and creativity. From the focus on dissemination and access to culture to the emphasis on the processes of creation and production. Networking, mobility and internationalisation. Gender gaps, digital divide. Mainstream and the opportunity of peripheral discourses. New cultural policy instruments and new models of governance.

We are interested in all those social and territorial dynamics that interact in some way with the symbolic dimension, creativity or innovation.